Top notes are Saffron and Black Pepper. The middle notes are Turkish roses, sage and carnation. The base notes are leather and nut grass oil. Saffron is a bittersweet, leathery, soft and intimate flavor with an earthy base note. Black pepper is a warm invigorating note, a short-lived and earthy spiciness created by steam distillation of the berries of the piper negrum canister.